JAMAICANS – AFRO-LINEAL ORGANIZED CRIME
Spangler Posse

The Spangler Posse originated in the Matthews Lane area of Kingston and its members have been traditional supporters of the Peoples National Party. The late Glenford "Early Bird" Phipps headed the New York City-based operations for the Spangler Posse, along with Toywell "Cow" Phillips, who also controlled drug distribution networks in Englewood and Paterson. Under investigation by New York authorities, Toywell Phillips fled back to Jamaica in early 1989. Some law enforcement officials believe that Phillips' replacement for the Spanglers will be from the New Jersey area. Glenford Phipps was murdered in Kingston on July 15, 1990, while acting in his capacity as Supervisor of Metropolitan Parks and Markets in Kingston.

Spangler Posse networks are also involved in the distribution of drugs in Paterson, primarily marijuana, cocaine and crack. Intelligence information indicates that Spangler members in New York City continue to supply marijuana to associates in Trenton and Camden. The number of Spangler Posse members identified as currently operating drug distribution networks in New Jersey is 45, an increase from the 27 reported in 1988.

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